Minimum income, minimum allowances and basic income in Europe

Blaschke, Ronald: Minimum income, minimum allowances and basic income in Europe, 2011 (Lecture in Vienna,
October 2011)

Contents
1. Definitions
1.1. Similarities between minimum allowances and basic income
1.2 Differences between minimum allowances and basic income
1.3 The human right to social security, participation and basic income
2. Resolutions of the European Parliament on minimum income and basic income
2.1 2008: Calls on the Commission to examine
2.2 2010: Calls on the Commission to prepare an initiative / Calls on the Commission and the EU Member States to examine
3. Securing livelihoods and participation in society – transfer payment must exceed the at-risk-of-poverty threshold
3.1 Proposition and grounds
3.2 At-risk-of-poverty threshold according to European standard
4. Steps and political interventions to introduce a basic income in Europe

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The basic income debate in Germany and some basic reflections

Blaschke, Ronald: The basic income debate in Germany and some basic reflections, 2010 (Lecture in Seoul, January 2010, Sogang University, Basic Income International Conference 2010, in: Basic Income Korean Network: Basic Income for All!, Seoul 2010, pp 215-235)

In the following I would like to give a brief overview of the basic income debate in Germany over the past 30 years and of some of the basic questions raised and answers given in that debate.

I will first list the political actors in the basic income debate in Germany and briefly outline their positions on a basic income. Secondly, I will explain contradictory approaches to a basic income on the basis of select, specific characteristics which are used to substantiate and structure basic income or similar transfers that are being discussed in Germany. Finally, against this backdrop, I will address some fundamental questions the basic income debate needs to answer.

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Basic Income versus Minimum Income Guarantee

Blaschke, Ronald: Basic Income versus Minimum Income Guarantee, 2010 (Lecture in Seoul, January 2010, Sogang University, Basic Income International Conference 2010, in: Basic Income Korean Network: Sustainable Utopia and Basic Income in Global Era, Seoul 2010, pp 63-73)

I would like to share with you today a number of thoughts on the subject of a “basic income” versus a “minimum income guarantee”. I will begin by defining the two terms, setting out what they have in common and what separates them. Then I will examine the fundamental criticisms of a minimum income guarantee. Finally, I will address the advantages of a basic income (UBI strong) compared to a minimum income guarantee.

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Basic income and a free activity society. Thoughts on an alternative society

Blaschke, Ronald: Basic income and a free activity society. Thoughts on an alternative society, 2010 (Lecture in Seoul, January 2010)

In my speech, I shall set out possible developments for a society confronted with the following problem: the mode of production, which is largely globalised, is currently facing three crises – an economic crisis, mainly a crisis of surplus production, and of globalised finance capital, an energy and environmental crisis and a fundamental crisis of a society in which people’s primary form of participation is by means of wage and salary employment. A fundamental answer exists to these three fundamental crises: it is time for humankind to become aware of its primary skill – namely people’s capacity for rational thought. Rational thought means considering whether society should produce and consume things at all, what it should produce and consume and how it should produce it and consume it. The following fundamental values can serve as guidance: the plurality of human lifestyles and achievement of sense, individual freedom and free development of skills, together with economic, social and ecological sustainability of production and consumption.

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